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B.A. Part-I Political Science , The idea of Rights,

A right is described as an entitlement or a justified claim to a certain kind of positive and negative treatment from others, to support from others or non-interference from others. In other words, a right is something to which every individual in the community is morally permitted. Rights are important conditions of social life without which no person can generally realize his best self. These are the essential conditions for the health of both the individual and society. In simple words, rights are the common claims of people which every cultured society recognizes as essential claims for their development, and which are therefore enforced by the state. According to Harold Laski, “Rights are those conditions of social life without which no man can seek in general, to be himself at his best.” T. H. Green, for his part, explained that “Rights are powers necessary for the fulfilment of man’s vocation as a moral being.” Other theorists like Isaiah Berlin defined rights in terms of positive liberties and negative freedoms. A positive right is an entitlement to; a right to free expression, for instance, entitles one to voice opinions publicly. A negative right is a freedom from; freedom of person is a right to be free of bodily interference. Most rights are both positive and negative.

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